It is presumed the drink was founded in Paris by Harry MacElhone at his own bar Harry’s American Bar. It was named of the field gun used by the French army during World War One. It was said that the French 75 had a kick that felt like being hit by a weaponry. Gin was often replaced with other spirits like vodka, cognac or tequila.
Although MacElhorne himself says that the cocktail came from somewhere else, Macgarry of Buck’s Club London. During the 19th century many stories of people drinking the ‘Champagne Cup’ a mixture of Champagne and citrus. French 75 was formally named in the 1920s. One of the original recipes is found in the Savoy Cocktail book by Harry Craddock 2/3 Gin, 1/3 Lemon juice 1 spoonful of powdered sugar add champagne. Now it used sugar syrup.